Analysis of Early Intervention Participant Progress after Transitioning to Teletherapy

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Submission ID :
ESPR110
Submission Type
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Abstract: :

Early Intervention (EI) of Westchester County, N.Y. provides developmental therapeutic services for children 0-3. On March 18, 2020, EI halted all in-person services due to the COVID-19 pandemic and began the use of teletherapy for all therapeutic services. We sought to explore progress made among participants who transitioned services from in-person to teletherapy. Chart review, data entry, and analysis of clients receiving services pre- and post-teletherapy were completed for 30 subjects and are ongoing. Client demographic data, their diagnosed condition, and most recent provider progress scores using a 5-point Likert scale (1=no progress, 2=little progress, 3=moderate progress, 4=great deal of progress, 5=outcome achieved) were recorded. Wilcoxon signed-rank test for two related samples compared pre- and post-teletherapy progress scores between subjects. P≤0.05 is statistically significant. Before transitioning to teletherapy, 20 clients received physical therapy (PT: 66.7%), 17 received occupational therapy (OT: 56.7%), 19 received speech therapy (ST: 63.3%), and 14 received special instruction (SI: 46.7%). After transitioning to teletherapy, 13 clients received PT (43%), 9 received OT (30%), 15 received ST (50%), and 9 received SI (30%). In the transition from in-person therapy to teletherapy, there is an evident reduction in therapeutic services utilization. Despite the transition to teletherapy, children receiving PT and OT made similar progress. Progress may be equally or more achievable via teletherapy for ST and SI.

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New York Medical College
New York Medical College
Westchester County Department of Health
Westchester County Department of Health
Maria Fareri Children's Hospital

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